Key Statistics For Childhood Cancer
According to the US NIH National Cancer Institute, cancer death rates for children have declined by 71% from 1970 to 2019. Nevertheless, cancer remains the leading cause of death from disease among children. In the case of the UK, doctors diagnose 4.500 children and young adults with childhood cancer each year.
Types Of Cancer That Develop In Children
The most common types of cancer diagnosed in children are:
1 | Leukemia.
2 | Brain and spinal cord tumors.
3 | Lymphoma.
4 | Neuroblastoma.
5 | Wilms tumor.
6 | Rhabdomyosarcoma.
7 | Retinoblastoma.
8 | Bone cancer.
Risks Factors And Causes of Childhood Cancer
The types of cancers that develop in children are often different from the types that develop in adults. Unlike many cancers in adults, childhood cancers are not strongly linked to lifestyle or environmental risk factors. And only a small number of childhood cancers are caused by genetic changes that are transmitted from parents to their child.
Treating Children With Cancer
Childhood cancers tend to respond better to certain treatments than adult cancers. This might be because of differences in the cancers themselves, as well as because children often get more intense treatments. Furthermore, children usually don’t have many of the other health problems that adults with cancer might have, which can often get worse with treatment.
On the other hand, children’s bodies are still growing, and they’re more likely to have side effects from some types of treatment. For example, radiation therapy is more likely to affect children (especially very young children). Many cancer treatments also can cause long-term side effects, so children who have had cancer will need careful follow-up for the rest of their lives.
Coping With Cancer
Support for Families When a Child Has Cancer has tips for talking with children about their cancer and preparing them for changes they may experience. Furthermore, the US National Cancer Institute broaches the matter of coping and support in the publication Children with Cancer: A Guide for Parents.
Thanks to investment in research and treatment, survival has increased dramatically over the past 50 years. In other words, 4 out of 5 young cancer patients can be successfully treated.
If you need to contact a doctor to clarify any doubts or ask any questions about prevention or treatment of childhood cancer, do not hesitate to get in touch with us. We will be happy to help you!